born in 1951, after studying law and political sciences, he joined the Federal Ministry of Finance, concentrating on issues of internal and external security, and as the head of the German Chancellery supervised the Federal Intelligence Service. From 2002 to 2011, Hetzer was the head of the European Anti-Fraud Office. He has written numerous critical analyses, such as »Geldputsch. Die Europäische Zentralbank kauft einen Kontinent« (2016; tr. Money coup. The European Central Bank buys a continent).